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Hey Ladies, Do You Have Periods In Between Periods? Here Is Why

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Hey Ladies, Do You Have Periods In Between Periods? Here Is Why

Vaginal bleeding between periods is not usually a cause for concern. If the blood flow is light, it is called ‘spotting.’ Bleeding between periods can have a range of causes, including hormonal changes, injury, or an underlying health condition.

Bleeding between periods refers to any bleeding that occurs after the period ends, or before the period is due to begin. When this happens, a person may notice light brown spotting in their underwear or a heavy flow resembling a regular period.

In this article, we look at the possible causes of bleeding between periods, possible ways to prevent spotting, and when to see a doctor.

The medical term for bleeding between periods is metrorrhagia. It is also known as spotting or breakthrough bleeding.

The menstrual cycle refers to the time between the first day of one period and the first day of the next. The cycle typically lasts between 25 and 30 days but can be longer or shorter.

 

There is a variety of reasons for bleeding between periods:

Hormonal contraceptives

Hormonal contraceptives are a common cause of vaginal bleeding between periods. If they do cause irregular bleeding, it usually only occurs for the first 3 months of using the contraceptive.

Some examples of hormonal contraceptives include:

  • intrauterine device (IUD)
  • birth control patch
  • vaginal ring
  • contraceptive pill
  • contraceptive implant

If bleeding between periods is very heavy or lasts for longer than 3 months, it may be a good idea to seek medical advice. Changing to an alternative form of contraception can often stop breakthrough bleeding.

Bleeding between periods can happen if a person does not take their hormonal contraception according to the instructions. For example, a woman may miss taking a contraceptive pill, or have a problem with a birth control patch. This can sometimes cause spotting.

Emergency contraception

Using emergency contraceptive may also cause bleeding. This applies to both forms of emergency contraceptive: the morning after pill and the IUD.

Implantation bleeding

Some women experience spotting shortly after becoming pregnant, marking the moment when the fertilized egg implants into the lining of the uterus. This is called implantation bleeding. They may also feel a slight cramping in the uterus.

Miscarriage

Bleeding between menstrual periods is one early sign of a miscarriage. Miscarriages can occur at any time during pregnancy and may happen before a woman is aware that she is pregnant.

Termination

Many people experience some bleeding after having a termination or abortion. Spotting may last for several weeks after having an in-clinic procedure or taking the abortion pill. If bleeding is very heavy, seek medical advice.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can cause vaginal bleeding. Chlamydia is a typical example. As well as spotting between periods, chlamydia can cause bleeding during or after sex.

Injury

If the skin or tissue of the vagina is damaged, it can bleed. The most common way for this to happen is during penetrative sex. It is much more likely if the vagina is dry.

The body produces a natural lubricant that prepares the vagina for penetrative sex. Vaginal dryness can be caused by many factors including a lack of arousal, changing hormone levels due to menopausediabetes, or cancer treatment.

Menopause or perimenopause

Menopause usually happens between the ages of 45 and 55. It is marked as the time at which a woman has not had a period for 1 year.

Perimenopause is the period leading up to menopause. This can last for up to 10 years as hormone levels in the body change.

Hormone levels are often unstable during perimenopause. This can cause irregular periods, spotting, and heavy bleeding.

Polyps in the cervix or vagina

Polyps are small growths. They can develop in the uterus or on the cervix, which is the structure between the vagina and uterus. In some cases, polyps can cause bleeding and may need to be removed.

Certain cancers

In most cases, bleeding between periods is not a cause for concern. However, vaginal bleeding between periods is one possible symptom of certain types of cancer. Cervical cancer can affect women of any age. It is most common in sexually active women between the ages of 30 and 45.

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Bleeding between periods or after sex is usually the first symptom of cervical cancer. Other early symptoms include pain or discomfort while having sex, or unpleasant-smelling vaginal discharge.

Uterine or womb cancer tends to occur in women over 50. Vaginal bleeding is also an early symptom of this type of cancer, especially if the bleeding occurs after menopause.

Uterine cancer mostly affects women who have reached menopause. This means that they no longer have periods. For this reason, any vaginal bleeding after menopause should be noted as unusual.

If women have not reached menopause, bleeding may happen between periods. Sometimes bleeding is heavier than usual. Less common symptoms include pain during sex or pain in the abdomen.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that can cause irregular periods, as well as some bleeding between periods. Other symptoms include fertility problems, weight gain, and oily skin or acne.

Endometriosis or adenomyosis

Chronic conditions that affect the uterus, such as endometriosis or adenomyosis, can cause bleeding or spotting between periods. These conditions may also cause heavy or painful menstrual periods and cramps between periods.

When to see a doctor

If vaginal bleeding between periods is heavy or persistent, a woman should seek medical advice.

Being aware of any other symptoms related to spotting between periods can help a doctor to diagnose an underlying medical issue.

If a woman has recently begun taking a hormonal contraceptive, bleeding may settle after 3-6 months. If it does not, see the prescribing doctor. It may be possible to change contraceptive methods to avoid this problem.

STIs are contagious and can cause long-term health problems. If a person suspects an STI is causing vaginal bleeding, they should see a medical professional for testing and treatment. Most STIs are curable, usually with antibiotics.

Treatment and prevention

Treatment will depend on the underlying cause. Keeping track of when bleeding happens, how often it lasts, and how much blood is lost can help a doctor diagnoses a cause.

Cervical cancer testing, known as screening or a pap smear, checks for anything unusual in the tissue of the cervix. The American Cancer SocietyTrusted Source recommend that women should begin attending cervical screening at the age of 21.

Small tears and bleeding can be caused by damage to dry skin in the vagina. Using an artificial lubricant and ensuring arousal before sex can prevent damage to the vagina during sexual activity.

There is no cure for PCOS, but it is possible to manage the symptoms. Treatment can include losing weight, taking hormonal contraceptives, and using metabolic treatments.

When dealing with endometriosis, it can be hard to filter out the noise and navigate your inbox. Healthline gives you actionable advice from doctors that’s inclusive and rooted in medical expertise.

Complications

Vaginal bleeding between periods can cause anxiety or stress. It may also be painful or uncomfortable depending on the cause.

Anyone experiencing underlying health problems, such as an STI, should seek treatment as soon as possible. In severe cases, an STI can create problems with fertility.

An early cancer diagnosis increases the chance that treatment will be successful and a person will recover.

The most common reasons for vaginal bleeding between periods are hormonal contraceptives or changes relating to menopause.

Regular cervical screening is an essential part of preventive healthcare that can help to find any unusual cells early.

Being aware of any other symptoms and seeking medical advice can help a doctor to diagnose or rule out a possible health problem.

 

 

 

 

 

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Source: GhArticles.com

Travel, Food And Health

Christmas In Ghana: 5 Local Drinks Foreigners Should Try While Visiting

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Christmas In Ghana: 5 Local Drinks Foreigners Should Try While Visiting

November goes by quickly and a certain breeze greets us. There is a mad rush in supermarkets and shops as almost everyone tries to do business before everything gets expensive.

Families plan to spend time together and lot’s of travellers return home. Some call it the Yuletide, others call it Christmas. In Ghana, we call it “Bronya”. No matter how you choose to call it, this represents a period of love, happiness and giving.

Ghanaians however do not celebrate Christmas any differently from the rest of the world although there are a few noticeable differences.

Christmas in Ghana is fun and relaxing at the same time but there are a few local drinks that help to make your visit to Ghana to enjoy festivities a memorable one.

On Special occasions like Christmas, Ghanaian local drinks are not left out of the love celebration. Let’s shift from the foreign taste and make Ghanaian local beverages feel extraordinary this festive season.

Local drinks are unique and tasty because of its natural ingredients and non-preservatives. Local drinks also have different variations from the north to the south are many delightful drinks from each of the ethnic groups in Ghana.

GhArticles.com has gathered some local drinks to prepare to make the celebration of Christmas more Ghanaian. Amongst them are Palmwine, Pito, Sobolo, Nm3daa(nut drink) and Asana.

1. Palmwine

Palmwine is a local drink popularly known as Palmsa, this is a sweet, nutritious drink derived from the palm tree.

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VIDEO: Southern Ghana Street Food!! Kebabs & Palm Wine | Aburi, Ghana -  David's Been Here

Enjoying fresh palm wine this valentine’s day will be one of the best treats especially when it’s freshly tapped.

2. Pito

Pito is another local drink made from fermented millet or sorghum or sometimes malt. It can be served warm or cold, and usually in a calabash.

How To Make Pito -- Peace Corps Ghana - YouTube

Enjoy fresh pito with your partner in a calabash this valentine’s day, also the calabash has a large edge, which you can drink together with your partner as a sign of love on valentine’s day.

3. Nm3daa(nut drink)

Nm3daa is a traditional drink made from corn sprouts.

5 local drinks to make Valentine's day truly Ghanaian - Prime News Ghana

Make this valentine’s day Ghanaian by enjoying with your partner Nm3daa(nut drink). Serve Nm3daa chilled this season of love.

4. Asana

The local drink popularly known as Asana is made of fermented corn and caramelized sugar.One of the healthy local drinks to serve your partner this valentine’s day.Make the celebration of valentine day Ghanaian with chilled Asana.

How To Make The Authentic Ghana ASAANAA | Ghana's Favorite Local Drink |  Street Food In Ghana - YouTube

5. Sobolo

Hibiscus Tea, popularly referred to as Sobolo, is a healthy drink made from the petals of the Hibiscus flower.

Sobolo (Hibiscus Tea)
It is a delicious drink which is recommended for valentine’s day.It’s alcohol-free, Prepare and refrigerate sobolo for your partner on the special day of love.

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Travel, Food And Health

COVID-19: Check Out The Symptoms Of The New Omicron Variant

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COVID-19: Check Out The Symptoms Of The New Omicron Variant

The first cases of the new Omicron variant of coronavirus have now been detected in the United Kingdom (UK).

It was highlighted by scientists in South Africa as a potentially worrying new strain.

What tests are used to detect Omicron?

Swabs from polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests, which are sent to labs for analysis, can show if the variant causing the infection looks like Omicron, Delta, or something else.

Between a third and a half of UK labs – but not all – have the required technology to detect suspected Omicron cases. That means some parts of the country may identify more Omicron cases more quickly.

Confirming that a suspected case is Omicron requires a full genetic analysis, which can take up to a couple of weeks.

PCR tests are the ones you can order free from the government website if you have symptoms, or buy from a private company if you need one for travel purposes. There are many different makes.

Have the rules on self-isolation changed?

The advice for people with Covid symptoms or who have a positive test result for Covid (for any variant) remains the same – you must stay at home and self-isolate for 10 days.

But the UK guidance has changed for people who are contacts or live in the same household as a suspected or confirmed case of the Omicron variant.

When you get your PCR test back, it will tell you if you’re suspected to have Omicron.

At that point, the new requirement is that people in your household and any close contacts must also self-isolate for 10 days, even if they are fully vaccinated or under the age of 18.

You don’t need to wait until it is confirmed that you have the Omicron variant.

The rules around testing and self-isolation after foreign travel have also changed.

How do we know that Omicron is in the UK?

Using a technique known as genomic sequencing, all suspected Omicron test results have been analysed and some people are confirmed to have been infected with the variant.

It is likely there are many more cases of the variant already in the UK, as yet undetected, because it can take some time for this process to be completed.

The dominant variant of coronavirus is still Delta, which is responsible for around 40,000 new cases every day in the UK.

Do lateral flow tests detect Omicron?

Rapid or lateral flow tests (LFTs), which can be used at home, can’t tell you which variant you’re infected with – but they are still thought to be able to tell you if you’re negative or positive, even with Omicron.

If you get a positive LFT result, you have a legal obligation to self-isolate immediately and must get a PCR test as soon as possible to confirm the result.

What’s the difference between Omicron and other variants?

The Omicron variant has lots of different mutations that haven’t been seen before, and many that have.

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A large number of them are on the spike protein of the virus, which is the target of most vaccines, and that’s the main concern.

In standard tests, Omicron has what’s known as an “S-gene dropout” (which Delta, in most cases, hasn’t), and that gives a clue that it could be the new variant.

But not all “S-gene dropouts” will necessarily be Omicron – full genomic sequencing is needed to be sure.

What are the symptoms of Omicron?

What role does genomic sequencing play?

Up to 20% of the swabs from positive test results in the UK each week, or around 60,000 cases, are sent for genomic sequencing.

By looking closely at the genetic material provided, scientists can confirm whether someone is positive with Omicron or the already widely-circulating Delta.

This process only provides information about the swabs that are analysed – but using those results, scientists are able to estimate what proportion of new cases could be the new variant.

Scientists in the UK and South African are at the forefront of this technology, which is why most new variants have been detected in these countries. But that doesn’t always mean they originated there.

What are the symptoms of Omicron?

So far, in South Africa, most people infected are young and their symptoms have been mild.

There is some suggestion that the variant could be causing some slightly different symptoms to Delta – including aches and pains, and no loss of taste or smell – but it’s too early to say for certain.

At the moment, the World Health Organization says there is no evidence that symptoms of Omicron are different from those of other variants.

That means a new cough, a fever, and loss of taste or smell are still the main three symptoms to look out for.

Hospitals in South Africa are seeing more young people admitted with more serious symptoms – but many are unvaccinated or have had only one dose.

This suggests that getting two doses and a booster dose is a good way of protecting against disease caused by the new variant, as well as all other variants.

What else do we know about Omicron?

Very little is known about how the variant acts or how much of a threat it could be.

But on paper, it looks worrying, and that’s why governments are acting quickly in case it’s bad news.

Scientists are concerned that Omicron could spread more easily than previous variants and evade the protection from vaccines to some extent – but that’s yet to be confirmed on the ground.

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Lifestyle

Most Expensive City In The World Revealed

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Most Expensive City In The World Revealed

Tel Aviv has been named as the most expensive city in the world to live in, as soaring inflation and supply-chain problems push up prices globally.

The Israeli city came top for the first time in a survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), climbing from fifth place last year and pushing Paris down to joint second with Singapore.

Damascus, in war-torn Syria, retained its place as the cheapest in the world.

The survey compares costs in US dollars for goods and services in 173 cities.

The EIU said the data it collected in August and September showed that on average prices rose 3.5% in local currency terms – the fastest inflation rate recorded over the past five years.

Transport has seen the biggest price increases, with the cost of a litre of petrol up by 21% on average in the cities studied.

Tel Aviv’s climb to the top of the EIU’s World Cost of Living rankings mainly reflected the soaring value of Israel’s currency, the shekel, against the dollar. The local prices of around 10% of goods also increased significantly, especially for groceries.

The survey found Tel Aviv was the second most expensive city for alcohol and transport, fifth for personal care items, and sixth for recreation.

Last year, Paris, Zurich and Hong Kong shared joint first place. Zurich and Hong Kong were fourth and fifth this year, followed by New York, Geneva, Copenhagen, Los Angeles and Osaka.

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The cheapest cities are mainly in the Middle East and Africa. But Tehran climbed the most in the rankings, jumping from 79th to 29th, as US economic sanctions reinstated three years ago continued to cause shortages of goods and rising import prices in Iran.

Rome saw the biggest drop in the rankings, falling from 32nd to 48th place, after sharp falls in local grocery and clothing prices.

The EIU said the rankings continued to be sensitive to shifts brought about by the coronavirus pandemic.

“Although most economies are now recovering as Covid-19 vaccines are rolled out, the world’s major cities still experience frequent surges in cases, prompting renewed social restrictions. In many cities this has disrupted the supply of goods, leading to shortages and higher prices.”

It added: “Fluctuating consumer demand has also influenced purchasing habits, while investor confidence has affected currencies, further fuelling price rises.”

The EIU said it expected price rises to moderate over the coming year as central banks cautiously increased interest rates to stem inflation.

 

 

 

 

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